Every year, in developed countries, 3 to 6 new cancer patients with testicles on 100,000 males are re-discovered. The number of newly discovered patients is growing every year. If you have had incomplete testicles (cryptorchidism) or swimsuit in your childhood, you have a 5 to 20 percent higher chance of having testicular cancer. There are still more risk factors, although their influence is still being studied. Family diseases, premature puberty, mother’s maternity leave, birth difficulties, mother’s smoking during pregnancy and various radiation. The testicular cancer is first discovered as a tiny hardening or lump that can be tapped at the examination. Not every nodule is cancer, so do not panic immediately visit a doctor.
First of all, pay attention to the following symptoms:
- Any gradual or abrupt increase or decrease in one testicle,
painful or painless hardening or swelling in any part of the testicle,
Weight sensation in the testis,
unusual sensitivity in the testicles, the peripheral region, and the lower abdomen,
Abdominal or back pain
- The pressure of enlarged lymph nodes on the bladder (can also cause symptoms of a sick kidney),
gynecomastia (increased, painful breast) at hormone-activated tumors on the testicles.
REVIEW OF THE TEST
We recommend that you review it once a month, on the same day and at about the same time. The tests must be relaxed, so choose a warm area, and the examination is best done after showering or bathing. Always review only one testicle at a time, and your neighbors can serve you for comparison. First, you need to know the structure of your testicles, where there are vessels, epididymis, and semen. This will make it easier to recognize any changes.
Apply the testicles in both palms so that your thumb and other fingers are flat in both directions to be able to feel the testicles.
Review each testicle separately. Browse gently in the following order:
First look at the epididymis. Feel soft and touch the slightly sensitive tissue above the testicles.
Let’s look for the semen that begins with the epididymis and stretches through the testicles in the urinary tract. Feel it as a hard, firm and smooth tube.
Finally check out the tests again. It must be smooth without swelling and hardening. Dizziness or swelling occurs most frequently at the front of the testicles.
Sometimes, on the surface, the hardening of the grain size of the prose can be applied, which is not a symptom of the disease. Any hardening in the depths of the testicle is indisputable, regardless of size or position.
POSSIBILITIES OF TREATMENT
Treatment of testicular cancer is one of the most successful, with almost 90 percent of cured patients. When the diagnosis is initiated, appropriate treatment begins. Mostly it is a surgical procedure, which removes the entire testicle. Additional treatment is a classic form of chemotherapy. Since the case of testicular cancer is easy to repeat, the tests should be examined and only one remains. Testicular cancers often move to other parts of the body, so it is of utmost importance that you examine the testicles and find cancer in time. Treating other forms of cancer is not so successful at all. Do not be afraid of visiting your doctor, in any case, it is about your life and your offspring.